首页 > 展会报道 > 建筑室内 >modernist house in Utrecht opens to the public(乌得勒支的现代主义住宅向公众开放)——Sybold van Ravesteyn
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modernist house in Utrecht opens to the public(乌得勒支的现代主义住宅向公众开放)——Sybold van Ravesteyn

发布时间:2019-09-10 09:28:54 0 0 19

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建筑师 Sybold van Ravesteyn

地址 乌得勒支

设计师 Utrech Nijmegen Rotterdam 

A little known modernist gem in Utrech has just opened to public; and about time, as the house of architect Sybold van Ravesteyn (1889-1983) represents a fascinating architectural exercise in the space between functionalist utility and neo-baroque fantasy.

Compared to the famous Schroder House, built by Gerrit Rietveld in 1924 and located just a few metres away, Dutch modernist Sybold van Ravesteyn’s home is still a relatively unknown example of European interwar architecture. Small, refined and surprising, the house has now launched as a museum, following extensive restoration this summer.

This simple brick structure with its curved walls and large circular window overlooking the street was built between 1932 and 1934. It demonstrates an arguably different approach to the modern architecture of its time and shows how modernist principles were used and occasionally regionally transformed during the 1930s, infusing strict rationalism with something more exuberant and fun.

This approach can also be seen as representative of Sybold van Ravesteyn‘s bold career. This prominent architect worked extensively for the Dutch railway system, designing train stations in Utrech (1936-1940), Rotterdam (1950-1957), Nijmegen (1954) as well as elsewhere across the country. During the 1930s, his austere formal language slowly changed in favour of organic curved forms, popular during that period.

But Ravesteyn went even further, using the decorative vocabulary of historical styles and integrating it into his modernist structures. Some of the most interesting examples of this symbiosis are his work for the Theater Kunstmin in Dordrecht (1938-1940) and Rotteram Zoo (1941). His own house in Utrecht, where he lived to the age of 92, is one of his first projects of this kind. It is an intimate example of an unorthodox stylistic fusion, closer perhaps to the work of Italian designer Carlo Mollino, than the more austere Dutch modern movement representatives of the time.  

The house is equipped with several custom-designed elements and furnishing systems. The living room and study are located on the ground floor. This large, multifunctional space is organised around bespoke, built-in furniture, such as a cantilevered bar with curved glass shelves and expressive storage pieces. The ceiling is lined with glass to create a single, large illuminated panel. A colourful stairwell leads to the first floor, where three small bedrooms and a terrace are located.

The house is open to visitors by appointment, while also offers the option of overnight stay in one of the first floor bedrooms.

乌特里奇的一颗鲜为人知的现代主义瑰宝刚刚向公众开放;和关于时间,作为建筑师Sybold van Ravesteyn的房子(1889-1983)代表了一个迷人的建筑实践之间的空间实用主义和新巴洛克主义的幻想。

与著名的施罗德之家相比,施罗德之家由格里特·里特维尔德于1924年建造就在几米开外,荷兰现代主义者西博尔德·范·拉维斯廷在两次世界大战之间的欧洲,美国仍然是一个相对不为人知的例子体系结构。小,精致和令人惊讶的,房子现在已经推出作为一个博物馆,经过今年夏天的大规模修复。

这个简单的砖结构有弯曲的墙壁和大的圆形俯瞰街道的窗户建于1932年至1934年间。它展示了一种不同于现代建筑的方法它的时代和现代主义原则是如何使用和偶尔在20世纪30年代发生了地区性的转变,给严格的理性主义注入了活力更有活力和乐趣的东西。

这种方法也可以看作是Sybold van Ravesteyn '的代表。大胆的职业。这位杰出的建筑师为荷兰人做过大量的工作铁路系统,鹿特丹Utrech(1936-1940)火车站设计(1950-1957),奈梅亨(1954)以及全国其他地方。在20世纪30年代,他的严肃的正式语言慢慢地转向支持有机曲线形式,在那个时期很流行。

但拉维斯廷甚至更进一步,使用了装饰词汇将历史风格融入到他的现代主义结构中。一些这种共生关系的最有趣的例子是他为多德莱希特(1938-1940)和鹿特拉姆动物园(1941)的昆士剧院。他自己的乌得勒支的房子是他的第一个房子,他在那里住了92岁这类项目。这是一个非正统的亲密例子风格融合,更接近意大利设计师卡洛的作品莫里诺是荷兰近代运动中较为朴素的代表人物时间。

房子配备了几个定制设计的元素和家具系统。客厅和书房位于一楼。这大型多功能空间围绕定制的内置空间组织家具,如带有弯曲玻璃架子的悬臂酒吧和表达存储块。天花板是用玻璃做的单一,大照明面板。一个彩色的楼梯井通向第一个三间小卧室和一个露台的楼层。房子是开放的访客预约,同时也提供了选择在一楼的一间卧室过夜。


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